Model files

Contents

Introduction

This document describes basic Model in Image model file syntax, naming, and macros. For additional information, see the WebLogic Deploy Tool documentation.

The WDT Discover Domain Tool is particularly useful for generating model files from an existing domain home.

Sample model file

Here’s an example of a model YAML file that defines a WebLogic Server Administration Server and dynamic cluster.

domainInfo:
  AdminUserName: '@@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:username@@'
  AdminPassword: '@@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:password@@'
  ServerStartMode: 'prod'

topology:
  Name: '@@ENV:DOMAIN_UID@@'
  AdminServerName: "admin-server"
  Cluster:
    "cluster-1":
      DynamicServers:
        ServerTemplate:  "cluster-1-template"
        ServerNamePrefix: "managed-server"
        DynamicClusterSize: 5
        MaxDynamicClusterSize: 5
        CalculatedListenPorts: false
  Server:
    "admin-server":
      ListenPort: 7001
  ServerTemplate:
    "cluster-1-template":
      Cluster: "cluster-1"
      ListenPort: 8001

This sample model file:

  • Includes a WebLogic credentials stanza that is required by Model in Image.
  • Derives its domain name from the predefined environment variable DOMAIN_UID, but note that this is not required.

For a description of model file macro references to secrets and environment variables, see Model file macros.

Important notes about Model in Image model files

  • Using model file macros

    • You can use model macros to reference arbitrary secrets from model files. This is recommended for handling mutable values such as database user names, passwords, and URLs. See Using secrets in model files.

      • All password fields in a model should use a secret macro. Passwords should not be directly included in property or model files because the files may appear in logs or debugging.

      • Model files encrypted with the WDT Encrypt Model Tool are not supported. Use secrets instead.

    • You can use model macros to reference arbitrary environment variables from model files. This is useful for handling plain text mutable values that you can define using an env stanza in your Domain YAML file, and is also useful for accessing the built in DOMAIN_UID environment variable. See Using environment variables in model files.

    • For most models, it’s useful to minimize or eliminate the usage of model variable files (also known as property files) and use secrets or environment variables instead.

  • A model must contain a domainInfo stanza that references your WebLogic administrative credentials. You can use the @@SECRET macro with the reserved secret name __weblogic-credentials__ to reference your Domain YAML file’s WebLogic credentials secret for this purpose. For example:

    domainInfo:
      AdminUserName: '@@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:username@@'
      AdminPassword: '@@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:password@@'
    
  • A JRF domain type model must contain a domainInfo.RCUDbInfo stanza; see Requirements for JRF domain types.

  • You can control the order that WDT uses to load your model files, see Model file naming and loading order.

Model file naming and loading order

Refer to this section if you need to control the order in which your model files are loaded. The order is important when two or more model files refer to the same configuration, because the last model that’s loaded has the highest precedence.

During domain home creation, model, and property files are first loaded from the /u01/model_home/models directory within the image and are then loaded from the optional WDT ConfigMap, described in Optional WDT model ConfigMap.

The loading order within each of these locations is first determined using the convention filename.##.yaml and filename.##.properties, where ## are digits that specify the desired order when sorted numerically. Additional details:

  • Embedding a .##. in a file name is optional.
    • When present, it must be placed just before the properties or yaml extension in order for it to take precedence over alphabetical precedence.
    • The precedence of file names that include more than one .##. is undefined.
    • The number can be any integer greater than or equal to zero.
  • File names that don’t include .##. sort before other files as if they implicitly have the lowest possible .##.
  • If two files share the same number, the loading order is determined alphabetically as a tie-breaker.

If an image file and ConfigMap file both have the same name, then both files are loaded.

For example, if you have these files in the image directory /u01/model_home/models:

jdbc.20.yaml
main-model.10.yaml
my-model.10.yaml
y.yaml  

And you have these files in the ConfigMap:

jdbc-dev-urlprops.10.yaml
z.yaml

Then the combined model files list is passed to the WebLogic Deploy Tool as:

y.yaml,main-model.10.yaml,my-model.10.yaml,jdbc.20.yaml,z.yaml,jdbc-dev-urlprops.10.yaml

Property files (ending in .properties) use the same sorting algorithm, but they are appended together into a single file prior to passing them to the WebLogic Deploy Tool.

Model file macros

Using secrets in model files

You can use WDT model @@SECRET macros to reference the WebLogic administrator username and password keys that are stored in a Kubernetes Secret and to optionally reference additional secrets. Here is the macro pattern for accessing these secrets:

Domain Resource Attribute Corresponding WDT Model @@SECRET Macro
webLogicCredentialsSecret @@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:username@@ and @@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:password@@
configuration.secrets @@SECRET:mysecret:mykey@@

For example, you can reference the WebLogic credential user name using @@SECRET:__weblogic-credentials__:username@@, and you can reference a custom secret mysecret with key mykey using @@SECRET:mysecret:mykey@@.

Any secrets that are referenced by an @@SECRET macro must be deployed to the same namespace as your Domain, and must be referenced in your Domain YAML file using the weblogicCredentialsSecret and configuration.secrets fields.

Here’s a sample snippet from a Domain YAML file that sets a webLogicCredentialsSecret and two custom secrets my-custom-secret1 and my-custom-secret2.

...
spec:
  webLogicCredentialsSecret:
    name: my-weblogic-credentials-secret
  configuration:
    secrets: [ my-custom-secret1,my-custom-secret2 ]
...
Using environment variables in model files

You can reference operator environment variables in model files. This includes any that you define yourself in your Domain YAML file, or the built-in DOMAIN_UID environment variable.

For example, the @@ENV:DOMAIN_UID@@ macro resolves to the current domain’s domain UID.

Combining secrets and environment variables in model files

You can embed an environment variable macro in a secret macro. This is useful for referencing secrets that you’ve named based on your domain’s domainUID.

For example, if your domainUID is domain1, then the macro @@SECRET:@@ENV:DOMAIN_UID@@-super-double-secret:mykey@@ resolves to the value stored in mykey for secret domain1-super-double-secret.