ODPI-C Statement Functions

Statement handles are used to represent statements of all types (queries, DML, DDL and PL/SQL). They are created by calling the function dpiConn_prepareStmt() or the function dpiSubscr_prepareStmt(). They are also created implicitly when a variable of type DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_STMT is created. Statement handles can be closed by calling the function dpiStmt_close() or by releasing the last reference to the statement by calling the function dpiStmt_release().

int dpiStmt_addRef(dpiStmt *stmt)

Adds a reference to the statement. This is intended for situations where a reference to the statement needs to be maintained independently of the reference returned when the statement was created.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – the statement to which a reference is to be added. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiStmt_bindByName(dpiStmt *stmt, const char *name, uint32_t nameLength, dpiVar *var)

Binds a variable to a named placeholder in the statement. A reference to the variable is retained by the library and is released when the statement itself is released or a new variable is bound to the same name.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to have the variable bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

name [IN] – a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data giving the name of the placeholder which is to be bound.

nameLength [IN] – the length of the name parameter, in bytes.

var [IN] – a reference to the variable which is to be bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiStmt_bindByPos(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiVar *var)

Binds a variable to a placeholder in the statement by position. A reference to the variable is retained by the library and is released when the statement itself is released or a new variable is bound to the same position.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to have the variable bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position which is to be bound. The position of a placeholder is determined by its location in the statement. Placeholders are numbered from left to right, starting from 1, and duplicate names do not count as additional placeholders.

var [IN] – a reference to the variable which is to be bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiStmt_bindValueByName(dpiStmt *stmt, const char *name, uint32_t nameLength, dpiNativeTypeNum nativeTypeNum, dpiData *data)

Binds a value to a named placeholder in the statement without the need to create a variable directly. One is created implicitly and released when the statement is released or a new value is bound to the same name.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to have the variable bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

name [IN] – a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data giving the name of the placeholder which is to be bound.

nameLength [IN] – the length of the name parameter, in bytes.

nativeTypeNum [IN] – the type of data that is being bound. It is expected to be one of the values from the enumeration dpiNativeTypeNum.

data [IN] – the data which is to be bound, as a pointer to a dpiData structure. A variable will be created based on the type of data being bound and a reference to this variable retained. Once the statement has been executed, this new variable will be released.

int dpiStmt_bindValueByPos(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiNativeTypeNum nativeTypeNum, dpiData *data)

Binds a value to a placeholder in the statement without the need to create a variable directly. One is created implicitly and released when the statement is released or a new value is bound to the same position.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to have the variable bound. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position which is to be bound. The position of a placeholder is determined by its location in the statement. Placeholders are numbered from left to right, starting from 1, and duplicate names do not count as additional placeholders.

nativeTypeNum [IN] – the type of data that is being bound. It is expected to be one of the values from the enumeration dpiNativeTypeNum.

data [IN] – the data which is to be bound, as a pointer to a dpiData structure. A variable will be created based on the type of data being bound and a reference to this variable retained. Once the statement has been executed, this new variable will be released.

int dpiStmt_close(dpiStmt *stmt, const char *tag, uint32_t tagLength)

Closes the statement and makes it unusable for further work immediately, rather than when the reference count reaches zero.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to be closed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

tag [IN] – a key to associate the statement with in the statement cache, in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable in which case the statement is not tagged. This value is ignored for statements that are acquired through bind variables (REF CURSOR) or implicit results.

tagLength [IN] – the length of the tag parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the tag parameter is NULL.

int dpiStmt_define(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiVar *var)

Defines the variable that will be used to fetch rows from the statement. A reference to the variable will be retained until the next define is performed on the same position or the statement is closed.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement on which the variable is to be defined. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned. Note that the statement must have already been executed or an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position which is to be defined. The first position is 1.

var [IN] – a reference to the variable which is to be used for fetching rows from the statement at the given position. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiStmt_defineValue(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiOracleTypeNum oracleTypeNum, dpiNativeTypeNum nativeTypeNum, uint32_t size, int sizeIsBytes, dpiObjectType *objType)

Defines the type of data that will be used to fetch rows from the statement. This is intended for use with the function dpiStmt_getQueryValue(), when the default data type derived from the column metadata needs to be overridden by the application. Internally, a variable is created with the specified data type and size.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement on which the define is to take place. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned. Note that the statement must have already been executed or an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position which is to be defined. The first position is 1.

oracleTypeNum [IN] – the type of Oracle data that is to be used. It should be one of the values from the enumeration dpiOracleTypeNum.

nativeTypeNum [IN] – the type of native C data that is to be used. It should be one of the values from the enumeration dpiNativeTypeNum.

size [IN] – the maximum size of the buffer used for transferring data to/from Oracle. This value is only used for variables transferred as byte strings. Size is either in characters or bytes depending on the value of the sizeIsBytes parameter. If the value is in characters, internally the value will be multipled by the maximum number of bytes for each character and that value used instead when determining the necessary buffer size.

sizeIsBytes [IN] – boolean value indicating if the size parameter refers to characters or bytes. This flag is only used if the variable refers to character data.

objType [IN] – a reference to the object type of the object that is being bound or fetched. This value is only used if the Oracle type is DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_OBJECT.

int dpiStmt_execute(dpiStmt *stmt, dpiExecMode mode, uint32_t *numQueryColumns)

Executes the statement using the bound values. For queries this makes available metadata which can be acquired using the function dpiStmt_getQueryInfo(). For non-queries, out and in-out variables are populated with their values.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to be executed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

mode [IN] – one or more of the values from the enumeration dpiExecMode, OR’ed together.

numQueryColumns [OUT] – a pointer to the number of columns which are being queried, which will be populated upon successful execution of the statement. If the statement does not refer to a query, the value is set to 0. This parameter may also be NULL.

int dpiStmt_executeMany(dpiStmt *stmt, dpiExecMode mode, uint32_t numIters)

Executes the statement the specified number of times using the bound values. Each bound variable must have at least this many elements allocated or an error is returned.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to be executed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

mode [IN] – one or more of the values from the enumeration dpiExecMode, OR’ed together. Note that modes DPI_MODE_EXEC_BATCH_ERRORS and DPI_MODE_EXEC_ARRAY_DML_ROWCOUNTS are only supported with insert, update, delete and merge statements.

numIters [IN] – the number of times the statement is executed. Each iteration corresponds to one of the elements of the array that was bound earlier.

int dpiStmt_fetch(dpiStmt *stmt, int *found, uint32_t *bufferRowIndex)

Fetches a single row from the buffers defined for the query. If no row is available in the buffers, an internal fetch takes place to populate them, if rows are available. The number of rows fetched into the internal buffers can be set by calling dpiStmt_setFetchArraySize(). If the statement does not refer to a query an error is returned. All columns that have not been defined prior to this call are implicitly defined using the metadata made available when the statement was executed.

The function dpiStmt_fetchRows() should be used instead of this function if it is important to control when the internal fetch (and round-trip to the database) takes place.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which a row is to be fetched. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

found [OUT] – a pointer to a boolean value indicating if a row was fetched or not, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

bufferRowIndex [OUT] – a pointer to the buffer row index which will be populated upon successful completion of this function if a row is found. This index is used as the array position for getting values from the variables that have been defined for the statement.

int dpiStmt_fetchRows(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t maxRows, uint32_t *bufferRowIndex, uint32_t *numRowsFetched, int *moreRows)

Returns the number of rows that are available in the buffers defined for the query. If no rows are currently available in the buffers, an internal fetch takes place in order to populate them, if rows are available. The number of rows fetched into the internal buffers can be set by calling dpiStmt_setFetchArraySize(). If the statement does not refer to a query an error is returned. All columns that have not been defined prior to this call are implicitly defined using the metadata made available when the statement was executed.

This function should be used instead of dpiStmt_fetch() if it is important to control when the internal fetch (and round-trip to the database) takes place.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which rows are to be fetched. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

maxRows [IN] – the maximum number of rows to fetch. If the number of rows available exceeds this value only this number will be fetched.

bufferRowIndex [OUT] – a pointer to the buffer row index which will be populated upon successful completion of this function. This index is used as the array position for getting values from the variables that have been defined for the statement.

numRowsFetched [OUT] – a pointer to the number of rows that have been fetched, populated after the call has completed successfully.

moreRows [OUT] – a pointer to a boolean value indicating if there are potentially more rows that can be fetched after the ones fetched by this function call.

int dpiStmt_getBatchErrorCount(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *count)

Returns the number of batch errors that took place during the last execution with batch mode enabled. Batch errors are only available when both the client and the server are at 12.1.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the number of batch errors is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

count [OUT] – a pointer to the number of batch errors that took place, which is populated after successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_getBatchErrors(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t numErrors, dpiErrorInfo *errors)

Returns the batch errors that took place during the last execution with batch mode enabled. Batch errors are only available when both the client and the server are at 12.1.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the batch errors are to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

numErrors [IN] – the size of the errors array in number of elements. The number of batch errors that are available can be determined using dpiStmt_getBatchErrorCount().

errors [IN] – a pointer to the first element of an array of dpiErrorInfo structures which is assumed to contain the number of elements specified by the numErrors parameter.

int dpiStmt_getBindCount(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *count)

Returns the number of bind variables in the prepared statement. In SQL statements this is the total number of bind variables whereas in PL/SQL statements this is the count of the unique bind variables.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the number of bind variables is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

count [OUT] – a pointer to the number of bind variables found in the statement, which is populated upon successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_getBindNames(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *numBindNames, const char **bindNames, uint32_t *bindNameLengths)

Returns the names of the unique bind variables in the prepared statement.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the names of bind variables are to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

numBindNames [IN/OUT] – a pointer to the size of the bindNames and bindNameLengths arrays in number of elements. This value must be large enough to hold all of the unique bind variables in the prepared statement or an error will be returned. The maximum number of bind variables can be determined by calling dpiStmt_getBindCount(). Upon successful completion of this function, the actual number of unique bind variables in the prepared statement will be populated.

bindNames [OUT] – an array of pointers to byte strings in the encoding used for CHAR data. The size of the array is specified using the numBindNames parameter. When the function completes this array will be filled with the names of the unique bind variables in the statement.

bindNameLengths [OUT] – a pointer to the first element of an array of integers containing the lengths of the bind variable names which is filled in upon successful completion of the function. The number of elements is assumed to be specified by the numBindNames parameter.

int dpiStmt_getFetchArraySize(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *arraySize)

Gets the array size used for performing fetches.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the fetch array size is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

arraySize [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiStmt_getImplicitResult(dpiStmt *stmt, dpiStmt **implicitResult)

Returns the next implicit result available from the last execution of the statement. Implicit results are only available when both the client and server are 12.1 or higher.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the next implicit result is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

implicitResult [OUT] – a pointer to a reference to a statement which will be populated with the next implicit result upon successful completion of the function. If no implicit results remain, the reference will be set to NULL. The reference that is returned must be released as soon as it is no longer needed.

int dpiStmt_getInfo(dpiStmt *stmt, dpiStmtInfo *info)

Returns information about the statement.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which information is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

info [OUT] – a pointer to a structure of type dpiStmtInfo which will be filled in with information about the statement upon successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_getNumQueryColumns(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *numQueryColumns)

Returns the number of columns that are being queried.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the number of query columns is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

numQueryColumns [OUT] – a pointer to the number of columns which are being queried by the statement, which is filled in upon successful completion of the function. If the statement does not refer to a query, the value is populated with 0.

int dpiStmt_getQueryInfo(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiQueryInfo *info)

Returns information about the column that is being queried.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the column metadata is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position of the column whose metadata is to be retrieved. The first position is 1.

info [OUT] – a pointer to a dpiQueryInfo structure which will be filled in upon successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_getQueryValue(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t pos, dpiNativeTypeNum *nativeTypeNum, dpiData **data)

Returns the value of the column at the given position for the currently fetched row, without needing to provide a variable. If the data type of the column needs to be overridden, the function dpiStmt_defineValue() can be called to specify a different type after executing the statement but before fetching any data.

This function should only be called after a call to the function dpiStmt_fetch() has succeeded and indicated that a row is available.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the column value is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

pos [IN] – the position of the column whose value is to be retrieved. The first position is 1.

nativeTypeNum [OUT] – a pointer to the native type that is used by the value, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function. It will be one of the values from the enumeration dpiNativeTypeNum.

data [OUT] – a pointer to a reference to an internally created dpiData structure which will be populated upon successful completion of this function. The structure contains the value of the column at the specified position. Note that any references to LOBs, statements, objects and rowids are owned by the statement. If you wish to retain these values independently of the statement, a reference must be added by calling one of dpiLob_addRef(), dpiStmt_addRef(), dpiObject_addRef() or dpiRowid_addRef().

int dpiStmt_getRowCount(dpiStmt *stmt, uint64_t *count)

Returns the number of rows affected by the last DML statement that was executed or the number of rows currently fetched from a query. In all other cases 0 is returned.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the row count is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

count [OUT] – a pointer to the row count which will be populated upon successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_getRowCounts(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t *numRowCounts, uint64_t **rowCounts)

Returns an array of row counts affected by the last invocation of dpiStmt_executeMany() with the array DML rowcounts mode enabled. This feature is only available if both client and server are at 12.1.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the row counts are to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

numRowCounts [OUT] – a pointer to the size of the rowCounts array which is being returned. It is populated upon successful completion of the function.

rowCounts [OUT] – a pointer to an array of row counts which is populated upon successful completion of the function. This array should be considered read-only.

int dpiStmt_getSubscrQueryId(dpiStmt *stmt, uint64_t *queryId)

Returns the id of the query that was just registered on the subscription by calling dpiStmt_execute() on a statement prepared by calling dpiSubscr_prepareStmt().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement from which the query id should be retrieved. This statement should have been prepared using the function dpiSubscr_prepareStmt(). If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

queryId [OUT] – a pointer to the query id, which is filled in upon successful completion of the function.

int dpiStmt_release(dpiStmt *stmt)

Releases a reference to the statement. A count of the references to the statement is maintained and when this count reaches zero, the memory associated with the statement is freed and the statement is closed if that has not already taken place using the function dpiStmt_close().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – the statement from which a reference is to be released. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiStmt_scroll(dpiStmt *stmt, dpiFetchMode mode, int32_t offset, int32_t rowCountOffset)

Scrolls the statement to the position in the cursor specified by the mode and offset.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement which is to be scrolled to a particular row position. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

mode [IN] – one of the values from the enumeration dpiFetchMode.

offset [IN] – a value which is used with the mode in order to determine the row position in the cursor.

rowCountOffset [IN] – an offset to the row count used when calculating the desired row to be fetched. This is needed when a client has fetched multiple rows but has not yet consumed all of them. If this is not being done by the client, the value 0 is appropriate.

int dpiStmt_setFetchArraySize(dpiStmt *stmt, uint32_t arraySize)

Sets the array size used for performing fetches. All variables defined for fetching must have this many (or more) elements allocated for them. The higher this value is the less network round trips are required to fetch rows from the database but more memory is also required. A value of zero will reset the array size to the default value of DPI_DEFAULT_FETCH_ARRAY_SIZE.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

stmt [IN] – a reference to the statement on which the fetch array size is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

arraySize [IN] – the number of rows which should be fetched each time more rows need to be fetched from the database.