ODPI-C Pool Functions

Pool handles are used to represent session pools. They are created using the function dpiPool_create() and can be closed by calling the function dpiPool_close() or releasing the last reference to the pool by calling the function dpiPool_release(). Pools can be used to create connections by calling the function dpiPool_acquireConnection().

int dpiPool_acquireConnection(dpiPool *pool, const char *userName, uint32_t userNameLength, const char *password, uint32_t passwordLength, dpiConnCreateParams *params, dpiConn **conn)

Acquires a connection from the pool and returns a reference to it. This reference should be released by calling dpiConn_release() as soon as it is no longer needed, which will also return the connection back to the pool for subsequent calls to this function. The connection can be returned back to the pool earlier by calling dpiConn_close().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – the pool from which a connection is to be acquired. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

userName [IN] – the name of the user used for authenticating the user, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable if external authentication is being requested or credentials were supplied when the pool was created.

userNameLength [IN] – the length of the userName parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the userName parameter is NULL.

password [IN] – the password to use for authenticating the user, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable if external authentication is being requested or if credentials were supplied when the pool was created.

passwordLength [IN] – the length of the password parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the password parameter is NULL.

params [IN] – a pointer to a dpiConnCreateParams structure which is used to specify parameters for connection creation. NULL is also acceptable in which case all default parameters will be used when creating the connection.

conn [OUT] – a reference to the connection that is acquired from the pool. This value is populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_addRef(dpiPool *pool)

Adds a reference to the pool. This is intended for situations where a reference to the pool needs to be maintained independently of the reference returned when the pool was created.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – the pool to which a reference is to be added. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

int dpiPool_close(dpiPool *pool, dpiPoolCloseMode closeMode)

Closes the pool and makes it unusable for further activity.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool which is to be closed. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

closeMode [IN] – one or more of the values from the enumeration dpiPoolCloseMode, OR’ed together.

int dpiPool_create(const dpiContext *context, const char *userName, uint32_t userNameLength, const char *password, uint32_t passwordLength, const char *connectString, uint32_t connectStringLength, dpiCommonCreateParams *commonParams, dpiPoolCreateParams *createParams, dpiPool **pool)

Creates a session pool which creates and maintains a group of stateless sessions to the database. The main benefit of session pooling is performance since making a connection to the database is a time-consuming activity, especially when the database is remote.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure. If a failure occurs, the errorInfo structure is filled in with error information.

context [IN] – the context handle created earlier using the function dpiContext_createWithParams(). If the handle is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

userName [IN] – the name of the user used for authenticating sessions, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable if external authentication is being requested or if a heterogeneous pool is being created.

userNameLength [IN] – the length of the userName parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the userName parameter is NULL.

password [IN] – the password to use for authenticating sessions, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable if external authentication is being requested or if a heterogeneous pool is being created.

passwordLength [IN] – the length of the password parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the password parameter is NULL.

connectString [IN] – the connect string identifying the database to which connections are to be established by the session pool, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data. NULL is also acceptable for local connections (identified by the environment variable ORACLE_SID).

connectStringLength [IN] – the length of the connectString parameter, in bytes, or 0 if the connectString parameter is NULL.

commonParams [IN] – a pointer to a dpiCommonCreateParams structure which is used to specify context parameters for pool creation. NULL is also acceptable in which case all default parameters will be used when creating the pool.

createParams [IN] – a pointer to a dpiPoolCreateParams structure which is used to specify parameters for pool creation. NULL is also acceptable in which case all default parameters will be used for pool creation.

pool [OUT] – a pointer to a reference to the pool that is created. Call dpiPool_release() when the reference is no longer needed.

int dpiPool_getBusyCount(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the number of sessions in the pool that are busy.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the number of busy sessions is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getEncodingInfo(dpiPool *pool, dpiEncodingInfo *info)

Returns the encoding information used by the pool. This will be equivalent to the values passed when the pool was created, or the values retrieved from the environment variables NLS_LANG and NLS_NCHAR.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool whose encoding information is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

info [OUT] – a pointer to a dpiEncodingInfo structure which will be populated with the encoding information used by the pool.

int dpiPool_getGetMode(dpiPool *pool, dpiPoolGetMode *value)

Returns the mode used for acquiring or getting connections from the pool.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the mode used for acquiring connections is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getMaxLifetimeSession(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the maximum lifetime a pooled session may exist, in seconds. Sessions in use will not be closed. They become candidates for termination only when they are released back to the pool and have existed for longer then the returned value. Note that termination only occurs when the pool is accessed. The value 0 means that there is no maximum length of time that a pooled session may exist.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the maximum lifetime of sessions is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getMaxSessionsPerShard(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the maximum sessions per shard. This parameter is used for balancing shards.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool (IN) – a reference to the pool from which the maximum sessoins per shard is to be retrieved. If the refernece is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT} – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getOpenCount(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the number of sessions in the pool that are open.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the number of open sessions is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getPingInterval(dpiPool *pool, int *value)

Returns the ping interval duration (in seconds), which is used to check the healthiness of idle connections before getting checked out. A negative value indicates this check is disabled.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the ping interval is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getSodaMetadataCache(dpiPool *pool, int *enabled)

Returns whether or not the SODA metadata cache is enabled or not.

The SODA metadata cache requires Oracle Client 21.3, or later. It is also available in Oracle Client 19 from 19.11.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the status of the SODA metadata cache is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

enabled [OUT] – a pointer to an integer defining whether the SODA metadata cache is enabled (1) or not (0), which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getStmtCacheSize(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *cacheSize)

Returns the default size of the statement cache for sessions in the pool, in number of statements.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the default size of the statement cache is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

cacheSize [OUT] – a pointer to the default size of the statement cache, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getTimeout(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the length of time (in seconds) after which idle sessions in the pool are terminated. Note that termination only occurs when the pool is accessed. A value of 0 means that no ide sessions are terminated.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the timeout for idle sessions is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_getWaitTimeout(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t *value)

Returns the amount of time (in milliseconds) that the caller will wait for a session to become available in the pool before returning an error.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool from which the wait timeout is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiPool_reconfigure(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t minSessions, uint32_t maxSesssions, uint32 sessionIncrement)

Changes pool configuration corresponding to members dpiPoolCreateParams.minSessions, dpiPoolCreateParams.maxSessions and dpiPoolCreateParams.sessionIncrement to the specified values. Connections will be created as needed if the value of minSessions is increased. Connections will be dropped from the pool as they are released back to the pool if minSessions is decreased.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool which needs to be reconfigured. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

minSessions [IN] - new value for the minimum number of sessions that should be maintained.

maxSessions [IN] - new value for the maximum number of sessions that may be retained in the pool.

sessionIncrement [IN] - new value for the number of sessions that will be created each time the pool needs to be expanded.

int dpiPool_release(dpiPool *pool)

Releases a reference to the pool. A count of the references to the pool is maintained and when this count reaches zero, the memory associated with the pool is freed and the session pool is closed if that has not already taken place using the function dpiPool_close().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – the pool from which a reference is to be released. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

int dpiPool_setAccessToken(dpiPool *pool, dpiAccessToken *accessToken)

The function is used to manually set the token and private key for a session pool. After pool creation it can be used to periodically reset the token and private key to avoid the need for the pool token callback function accessTokenCallback to be called during pool growth.

This function may also be useful for testing. By setting an expired token and key the subsequent pool callback function behavior can be seen without waiting for normal token expiry.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool where authentication parameters will be set. If the pool parameter is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

accessToken [IN] – a pointer to a dpiAccessToken structure which is used to specify parameters for token based authentication. If the pointer is NULL, an error is returned.

int dpiPool_setGetMode(dpiPool *pool, dpiPoolGetMode value)

Sets the mode used for acquiring or getting connections from the pool.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the mode used for acquiring connections is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.

int dpiPool_setMaxLifetimeSession(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t value)

Sets the maximum lifetime a pooled session may exist, in seconds. Sessions in use will not be closed. They become candidates for termination only when they are released back to the pool and have existed for longer then the specified value. Note that termination only occurs when the pool is accessed. The value 0 means that there is no maximum length of time that a pooled session may exist.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the maximum lifetime of sessions is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.

int dpiPool_setMaxSessionsPerShard(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t value)

Sets the maximum number of sessions per shard.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the maximum sessions per shard is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.

int dpiPool_setPingInterval(dpiPool *pool, int value)

Sets the ping interval duration (in seconds) which is used to to check for healthiness of sessions. If this time has passed since the last time the session was checked out a ping will be performed. A negative value will disable this check.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the ping interval is to be set. If the refernce is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.

int dpiPool_setSodaMetadataCache(dpiPool *pool, int enabled)

Sets whether the SODA metadata cache is enabled or not. Enabling the SODA metadata cache can significantly improve the performance of repeated calls to methods dpiSodaDb_createCollection() (when not specifying a value for the metadata parameter) and dpiSodaDb_openCollection(). Note that the cache can become out of date if changes to the metadata of cached collections are made externally.

The SODA metadata cache requires Oracle Client 21.3, or later. It is also available in Oracle Client 19 from 19.11.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the SODA metadata cache is to be enabled or disabled. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

enabled [IN] – identifies if the cache should be enabled (1) or not (0).

int dpiPool_setStmtCacheSize(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t cacheSize)

Sets the default size of the statement cache for sessions in the pool.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the default size of the statement cache is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

cacheSize [IN] – the new size of the statement cache, in number of statements.

int dpiPool_setTimeout(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t value)

Sets the amount of time (in seconds) after which idle sessions in the pool are terminated. Note that termination only occurs when the pool is accessed. A value of zero will result in no idle sessions being terminated.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the timeout for idle sessions is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.

int dpiPool_setWaitTimeout(dpiPool *pool, uint32_t value)

Sets the amount of time (in milliseconds) that the caller should wait for a session to be available in the pool before returning with an error.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

pool [IN] – a reference to the pool in which the wait timeout is to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid, an error is returned.

value [IN] – the value to set.