ODPI-C LOB Functions

LOB handles are used to represent large objects (CLOB, BLOB, NCLOB, BFILE). Both persistent and temporary large objects can be represented. LOB handles can be created by calling the function dpiConn_newTempLob() or are created implicitly when a variable of type DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_CLOB, DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_NCLOB, DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_BLOB or DPI_ORACLE_TYPE_BFILE is created and are destroyed when the last reference is released by calling the function dpiLob_release(). They are used for reading and writing data to the database in smaller pieces than is contained in the large object.

int dpiLob_addRef(dpiLob *lob)

Adds a reference to the LOB. This is intended for situations where a reference to the LOB needs to be maintained independently of the reference returned when the LOB was created.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB to which a reference is to be added. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiLob_close(dpiLob *lob)

Closes the LOB and makes it unusable for further operations immediately, rather than when the reference count reaches zero.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB which is to be closed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiLob_closeResource(dpiLob *lob)

Closes the LOB resource. This should be done when a batch of writes has been completed so that the indexes associated with the LOB can be updated. It should only be performed if a call to function dpiLob_openResource() has been performed.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB which will be closed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiLob_copy(dpiLob *lob, dpiLob **copiedLob)

Creates an independent copy of a LOB and returns a reference to the newly created LOB. This reference should be released as soon as it is no longer needed.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB which is to be copied. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

copiedLob [OUT] – a pointer to a reference to the LOB which is created as a copy of the first LOB, which is populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiLob_getBufferSize(dpiLob *lob, uint64_t sizeInChars, uint64_t *sizeInBytes)

Returns the size of the buffer needed to hold the number of characters specified for a buffer of the type associated with the LOB. If the LOB does not refer to a character LOB the value is returned unchanged.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB in which the buffer is going to be used for transferring data to and from Oracle. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

sizeInChars [IN] – the number of characters for which a buffer size needs to be determined.

sizeInBytes [OUT] – a pointer to the size in bytes which will be populated when the function has completed successfully.

int dpiLob_getChunkSize(dpiLob *lob, uint32_t *size)

Returns the chunk size, in bytes, of the internal LOB. Reading and writing to the LOB in multiples of this size will improve performance.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB from which the chunk size is to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

size [OUT] – a pointer to the chunk size, in bytes, which will be populated when this function completes successfully.

int dpiLob_getDirectoryAndFileName(dpiLob *lob, const char **directoryAlias, uint32_t *directoryAliasLength, const char **fileName, uint32_t *fileNameLength)

Returns the directory alias name and file name for a BFILE type LOB.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB from which the directory alias name and file name are to be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

directoryAlias [OUT] – a pointer to the name of the directory alias, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function. The string returned will remain valid as long as a reference to the LOB is held.

directoryAliasLength [OUT] – a pointer to the length of the name of the directory alias, in bytes, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

fileName [OUT] – a pointer to the name of the file, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function. The string returned will remain valid as long as a reference to the LOB is held.

fileNameLength [OUT] – a pointer to the length of the name of the file, in bytes, which will be populated upon successful completion of this function.

int dpiLob_getFileExists(dpiLob *lob, int *exists)

Returns a boolean value indicating if the file referenced by the BFILE type LOB exists (1) or not (0).

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB which will be checked to see if the associated file exists. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

exists [OUT] – a pointer to the boolean value which will be populated when this function completes successfully.

int dpiLob_getIsResourceOpen(dpiLob *lob, int *isOpen)

Returns a boolean value indicating if the LOB resource has been opened by making a call to the function dpiLob_openResource() (1) or not (0).

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB which will be checked to see if it is open. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

isOpen [OUT] – a pointer to the boolean value which will be populated when this function completes successfully.

int dpiLob_getSize(dpiLob *lob, uint64_t *size)

Returns the size of the data stored in the LOB. For character LOBs the size is in characters; for binary LOBs the size is in bytes.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB from which the size will be retrieved. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

size [OUT] – a pointer to the value which will be populated when this function completes successfully.

int dpiLob_openResource(dpiLob *lob)

Opens the LOB resource for writing. This will improve performance when writing to the LOB in chunks and there are functional or extensible indexes associated with the LOB. If this function is not called, the LOB resource will be opened and closed for each write that is performed. A call to the function dpiLob_closeResource() should be done before performing a call to the function dpiConn_commit().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB which will be opened. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiLob_readBytes(dpiLob *lob, uint64_t offset, uint64_t amount, char *value, uint64_t *valueLength)

Reads data from the LOB at the specified offset into the provided buffer.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB from which data is to be read. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

offset [IN] – the offset into the LOB data from which to start reading. The first position is 1. For character LOBs this represents the number of characters from the beginning of the LOB; for binary LOBS, this represents the number of bytes from the beginning of the LOB.

amount [IN] – the maximum number of characters (for character LOBs) or the maximum number of bytes (for binary LOBs) that will be read from the LOB.

value [OUT] – the buffer into which the data is read. It is assumed to contain the number of bytes specified in the valueLength parameter.

valueLength [IN/OUT] – a pointer to the size of the value. When this function is called it must contain the maximum number of bytes in the buffer specified by the value parameter. After the function is completed successfully it will contain the actual number of bytes read into the buffer.

int dpiLob_release(dpiLob *lob)

Releases a reference to the LOB. A count of the references to the LOB is maintained and when this count reaches zero, the memory associated with the LOB is freed. The LOB is also closed unless that has already taken place using the function dpiLob_close().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB from which a reference is to be released. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

int dpiLob_setDirectoryAndFileName(dpiLob *lob, const char *directoryAlias, uint32_t directoryAliasLength, const char *fileName, uint32_t fileNameLength)

Sets the directory alias name and file name for a BFILE type LOB.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – a reference to the LOB on which the directory alias name and file name are to be set. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

directoryAlias [IN] – the name of the directory alias, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data.

directoryAliasLength [IN] – the length of the directoryAlias parameter, in bytes.

fileName [IN] – the name of the file, as a byte string in the encoding used for CHAR data.

fileNameLength [IN] – the length of the fileName parameter, in bytes.

int dpiLob_setFromBytes(dpiLob *lob, const char *value, uint64_t valueLength)

Replaces all of the data in the LOB with the contents of the provided buffer. The LOB will first be cleared and then the provided data will be written.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB to which data is to be written. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

value [IN] – the buffer from which the data is written.

valueLength [IN] – the number of bytes which will be read from the buffer and written to the LOB.

int dpiLob_trim(dpiLob *lob, uint64_t newSize)

Trims the data in the LOB so that it only contains the specified amount of data.

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB which will be trimmed. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

newSize [IN] – the new size of the data in the LOB. For character LOBs this value is in characters; for binary LOBs this value is in bytes.

int dpiLob_writeBytes(dpiLob *lob, uint64_t offset, const char *value, uint64_t valueLength)

Write data to the LOB at the specified offset using the provided buffer as the source. If multiple calls to this function are planned, the LOB should first be opened using the function dpiLob_openResource().

The function returns DPI_SUCCESS for success and DPI_FAILURE for failure.

lob [IN] – the LOB to which data is to be written. If the reference is NULL or invalid an error is returned.

offset [IN] – the offset into the LOB data from which to start writing. The first position is 1. For character LOBs this represents the number of characters from the beginning of the LOB; for binary LOBS, this represents the number of bytes from the beginning of the LOB.

value [IN] – the buffer from which the data is written.

valueLength [IN] – the number of bytes which will be read from the buffer and written to the LOB.